I myself am fairly new on the joinery cut to size mdf  producing enterprise and its been a steep learning curve. The men and women I do the job with know their trade and babble away in “joinery” speak while I sit there making an attempt to grasp it all.

The first and probably most strange strategy to come to terms with would be the use of imperial and metric- commonly within the same sentence! For example- ” I need three pieces of PSE softwood, 22mm x 10mm, 4 No @ 6′ “.

This on the common particular person is nothing at all limited of an additional language. To explain- PSE is PLANED Square EDGE timber. Shopping for timber this fashion signifies that you’ve a square edge to evaluate from but it is more high priced. The majority of the timber bought by production companies is rough sawn, IE straight through the timber merchants and slash slightly oversize, generally with some bark even now connected as well as usual defects.When buying timber, a particular level of squander is taken as regular. Slicing the ends to square up the timber will be the initial stage. Then several passes by means of a four sided planer which lowers the thickness on the timber nearer for the expected dimensions and eliminates the bark. The perimeters might need working around a planer/thicknesser to sq. them up much too.

In joinery – it’s frequently good follow to provide the width measurement initially,so during the over example-22mm huge and 10mm deep. This can be in particular crucial if the 2 measurements are really near, getting it erroneous implies that whatever you are making will never in shape effectively. Evaluate twice cut as soon as!

four No is needless to say how many you want- rather self explanatory.

Then 6′ in duration! We just are unable to get away from applying imperial. Just think- if another person asks how tall you are- the usual reply is 5′ 3″ or 6′ 2″. We do not say- I am 1580 tall or 1860. Men and women just know what you indicate.

Its exactly the same in joinery- 5mm, 15mm, one metre, half inch, two foot- all of it gets used. Basically- most corporations will work with possibly metric or imperial- so will not be fearful. Metric is much more accurate- employing millimetres usually means considerably less likelihood for errors.

After we order hardwood it’s measured in cubic ft and when buying softwood we obtain in cubic metres, which all provides on the pleasurable and game titles!


There are many diverse forms of window and style- we shall consider 3. The normal window, stormproof and sliding sash.

The first two are rather identical in several ways- the primary exception would be the sash’s. The sash is the opening or non opening added body surrounded because of the outer body. On classic windows you can find typically a sash even if it is non opening and this offers an overall harmony on the window glimpse. The opening sash lies flush with the frame. On the stormproof window- often observed on much more contemporary houses or in areas of harsh weather- the sash body wraps close to the main frame, overlapping it to offer more defense.Both of those varieties of window can have hinges of some description permitting the sash to open.

The sliding sash is identified on numerous historic and detailed properties, and generally has two sash’s which could slide up and down relying on prerequisite. Is does not have hinges, but will work on weights and cords to elevate and fall the large sash’s. Fashionable sliding sash windows utilise a spring as opposed to the weights creating for less difficult use and lessened body measurement. You can also find “Mock” sash windows which seem like regular sliders but work on a friction hinge- see my post on sliding sash home windows for more facts.

The body would be the outer timbers comprising 2 facet parts referred to as jambs as well as a prime piece known as the pinnacle as well as the bottom part termed the cill or sill. The sash itself is manufactured up of 2 vertical stiles and a pair of horizontal rails. Muntins are the identify provided to the two horizontal and vertical dividing bars which break up the window glass into personal panes or lights.

Most excellent joinery firms will likely be content to indicate you their operate and focus on your specifications. Just recall when choosing- not all windows will be the same- look into the timber, the body segment sizes plus the complete.


All doorways are certainly not produced similarly either- quite a few exterior doorways are neither strong or nicely manufactured. Typical thickness is all-around 44mm, so make sure to check out whatever you are obtaining in your revenue.

The essential doorway construction is usually a frame – comprising two side stiles as well as a top and bottom rail. You will find a lot of variants to the genuine make up of the door- but transoms will be the horizontal timbers and mullions are classified as the vertical timbers. Infills could be solid panels- this kind of as elevated and fielded- that are quite common and provides a central flat panel with sloping edges, or maybe glazed units inside of a big range of variants, which include leaded glass, obscure and tremendous successful double glazing. Glass for doors need to be possibly toughened or laminated to adapt to building regulations- you should not settle for anything much less.

Also check out that mortice and tenon joints are used within the construction, as several corporations try to save lots of revenue but making use of inferior jointing approaches. A perfectly designed mortice and tenon joint, glued up are going to be more robust compared to the bordering timber and will never occur apart.

The timber can be important- TEC wood is usually a laminated timber ( which implies it has levels glued with each other for energy and security) that’s being used thoroughly. Timber choice during the United kingdom ought to be described as a hardwood these kinds of as Sapele or European Oak. Idigbo and Iroko will also be fantastic alternatives. Request your joinery enterprise for his or her information on whats most effective in which condition. Funds will likely enjoy its portion, but there are generally possibilities.

A rebate is actually a groove slash in both the edge from the timber- EG wherever doors shut with each other or might be a cut inside a flat panel to choose one more panel.

I hope this information has actually been enlightening and if you may need any assistance, examine out our web site or call us.


Burwood Joinery Ltd is a producing joinery enterprise located in Sheffield, South Yorkshire.

They provide a bespoke service making wonderful and useful timber products and solutions starting from Sash Home windows to Hardwood External doorways, Hand made conservatories and Orangeries, Ornate staircases, Unique pieces of Furniture, Designer Mouldings and personally commissioned goods.